David's Astronomy Pages (Image Gallery)
Messier Objects

Gallery of Messier Objects imaged with my 8 " LX200 telescope and ST-7 Camera (2001-2008)
supplemented by additional images taken with new 12 " LX200 telescope and ST-10XME Camera (2009-2010+)

(Whilst my high latitude in Scotland, observatory wall and telescope mount have limited me to only imaging Messier objects between Declination +60 and -15 degs, my new telescope/new sliding roof will allow me to image objects between Declination +73 and -26 degs).  New objects (to be) imaged with new setup : M68, M83 :
   

M1 to M53

 

 M56 to M110

Bullet M1 - Supernova Remnant (Crab Nebula)
Bullet M2 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M3 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M4 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M5 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M8 - Nebula (Lagoon Nebula) 
Bullet M9 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M10 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M11 - Open Cluster (Wild Duck Cluster)
Bullet M12 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M13 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M14 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M15 - Globular Cluster 
Bullet M16 - Nebula (Eagle Nebula)
Bullet M17 - Nebula (Swan Nebula)
Bullet M18 - Open Cluster
Bullet M19 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M20 - Nebula (Trifid Nebula)
Bullet M21 - Open Cluster
Bullet M22 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M23 - Open Cluster
Bullet M24 - Open Cluster
Bullet M25 - Open Cluster
Bullet M26 - Open Cluster
Bullet M27 - Planetary Nebula
Bullet M28 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M29 - Open Cluster
Bullet M30 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M31 - Spiral Galaxy (Andromeda Galaxy)
Bullet M32 - Galaxy
Bullet M33 - Spiral Galaxy (Pinwheel Galaxy)
Bullet M34 - Open Cluster
Bullet M35 - Open Cluster
Bullet M36 - Open Cluster
Bullet M37 - Open Cluster
Bullet M38 - Open Cluster
Bullet M39 - Open Cluster
Bullet M40 - Double Star
Bullet M41 - Open Cluster
Bullet M42 - Nebula (Great Nebula in Orion)
Bullet M43 - Nebula
Bullet M44 - Open Cluster
Bullet M45 - Open Cluster (Pleiades)
Bullet M46 - Open Cluster
Bullet M47 - Open Cluster
Bullet M48 - Open Cluster
Bullet M49 - Elliptical Galaxy
Bullet M50 - Open Cluster
Bullet M51 - Spiral Galaxy (Whirlpool Galaxy)
Bullet M52 - Open Cluster
Bullet M53 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M56 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M57 - Planetary Nebula (Ring Nebula)
Bullet M58 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M59 - Elliptical Galaxy
Bullet M60 - Elliptical Galaxy
Bullet M61 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M63 - Spiral Galaxy (Sunflower Galaxy)
Bullet M65 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M64 - Spiral Galaxy (Black-Eye Galaxy)
Bullet M65 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M66 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M67 - Open Cluster
Bullet M68 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M71 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M72 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M73 - Open Cluster
Bullet M74 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M75 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M76 - Planetary Nebula
Bullet M77 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M78 - Bright Nebula
Bullet M79 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M80 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M81 - Spiral Galaxy (Bode's Nebula)
Bullet M82 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M83 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M84 - Elliptical Galaxy
Bullet M85 - Elliptical Galaxy
Bullet M86 - Elliptical Galaxy
Bullet M87 - Elliptical Galaxy
Bullet M88 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M89 - Elliptical Galaxy
Bullet M90 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M91 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M92 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M93 - Open Cluster
Bullet M94 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M95 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M96 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M97 - Planetary Nebula (Owl Nebula)
Bullet M98 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M99 - Spiral Galaxy (Pinwheel Nebula)
Bullet M100 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M101 - Spiral Galaxy (=M102)
Bullet M103 - Open Cluster
Bullet M104 - Spiral Galaxy (Sombrero Galaxy)
Bullet M105 - Elliptical Galaxy
Bullet M106 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M107 - Globular Cluster
Bullet M108 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M109 - Spiral Galaxy
Bullet M110 - Elliptical Galaxy

 


M1 -  Supernova Remnant (Crab Nebula)

M1 (Crab Nebula)
Image
CCD Image (Linear Scale, 50% size)
5 x 60 sec (average combine),  3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-09-20 03:45 h UT  (#389568-72)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
 
Image
CCD Image (Linear Scale, cropped)
Image details as above
 
Image
CCD Colour Image
Luminance (C av2 x 60s), Blue 250% (B av 4 x 60s), 
Green (V av 2x60s), Red (R av2x60)
2004-09-19  00:47 hUT (# 72105-15)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M2 - Globular Cluster

M2 (Aquarius) 
Image
CCD Image (Logarithmic Scaling)
5 x 20 sec exposure (average), clear filter
2005-08-14  21:59 h UT (#92080-84)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
  
Image
CCD Image (Logarithmic Scaling, 75% size, cropped)
4 x 15s exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2017-11-02 21:55h UT (#603271-74)
12" LX200R  (at f/10.4) + ST-10XME
[ 100% size ]

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M3 - Globular Cluster

M3 (Canes Venatici)

Image

CCD Image (50% size reduction, log scaling cropped)
15s sec exposure (single frame), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-05-51 00:08 h UT (#371125)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
[Larger Image - detail ]

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M4 - Globular Cluster

M4 (Scorpius)
T
aken at 5 deg above southern horizon

Image

CCD Image (cropped to central area & 60% size reduction)
4 x 20s sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-05-26 23:21 h UT (#369078-82)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
[ Wider View ]

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M5 - Globular Cluster

M5 (Serpens Caput)
Image
CCD Colour Image (LRGB)
Luminance 3x20s (average), Blue 5x30s (average) with  x1.8 weighting
Green 3x30s (average), Red 3x30s (average)
2005-06-10  00:46 h UT (#89034-47)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M8 - Nebula (Lagoon Nebula) 

M8 (Sagittarus)

Image

CCD Image (45% size reduction, cropped)
10 x 15s sec exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter
2009-06-25 23:31 h UT (#373033-42)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
[ Larger view 70% size

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M9 - Globular Cluster

M9 (Ophiuchus)
T
aken at 11 deg above SSE horizon

Image

CCD Image (50% size reduction)
2 x 30s sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-05-26 23:26 h UT (#369086-88)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

M9 - detail

Image

CCD Image (cropped)
Image details as above

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M11  - Open Cluster (Wild Duck Cluster)

M11  (Scutum)
Image
CCD image,  6 x 10 sec exposures (median combine)
2003-08-05  21:46 h UT (#49032-49037)
11.4 x 7.6 arc mins 
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
  

M11 - Mosaic

Image
 CCD Image Mosaic, 3x4, (50% size)
30 sec exposure, 2x2 binning, C Filter
Cropped
2007-05-20 01:15h UT (#200083-94)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
[larger image, 70% size]

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M10 - Globular Cluster

M10  (Ophiuchus)
Image
CCD Image 
4 x 20 sec exposure (average), clear filter
2005-08-14  21:40 h UT (#92063-67)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M11 - Open Cluster ("Wild Duck Cluster")

M11 (Scutum)

Image
 CCD Image Mosaic, 3x4, (50% size)
30 sec exposure, 2x2 binning, C Filter
Cropped
2007-05-20 01:15h UT (#200083-94)
[larger image, 70% size]

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M12 - Globular Cluster

M12  (Ophiuchus)
Image
CCD Image 
5 x 20 sec exposure (average), clear filter
2005-08-14  21:51 h UT (#92072-76)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M13 - Globular Cluster

M13 (Hercules)
Image
CCD Colour Image (LRGB, 
Luminance 3x20s (average), Blue 3x30s (average) with  x1.8 weighting
Green 3x30s (average), Red 3x30s (average)
2005-06-06  23:19 h UT (#88004-15)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
  
M13 (Hercules) 
Image
CCD Image 
120s Clear Filter
2005-06-06  23:26 h UT (#88020)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M14 - Globular Cluster

M14  (Ophiuchus)
Image
CCD Image 
5 x 20 sec exposure (average), clear filter
2005-08-14  21:31 h UT (#92054-58)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M15 - Globular Cluster

M15 (Pegasus)
Image
CCD Image (Log Scaling, 50% size)
3 x 15s exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2017-11-02 22:02h UT (#603281-86)
12" LX200R  (at f/10.4) + ST-10XME
[ 100% size ]

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M16 - Nebula (Eagle Nebula)

M16  (in Serpens Caput)
Image
CCD Image 
6 x 60 sec exposure (average), clear filter
2005-08-14  22:28 h UT (#92109-14)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
 
Image
CCD image,  5 x 120 sec exposures (summed)
2003-08-02  22:37- 22:47 h UT (#47035-39)
Altitude 24 deg
Image : 11.4 x 7.6 arc mins 
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M17 - Nebula (Swan Nebula)

M17 (Sagittarus)

Image

CCD Image (50% size reduction)
10 x 30s sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-05-31 00:36 h UT (#371155-64)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
[ Full Size ]

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M18 - Open Cluster

M18 (Sagittarus)

Image

CCD Image  (50% size reduction)
5 x 30s sec exposure, 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-05-29 00:02 h UT (#370026-30)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
Image at 10 deg above SSE horizon
(Larger Image, 70% size )

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M19 - Globular Cluster

M19 (Scorpius)

Image

CCD Image (35% size reduction)
5 x 15s sec exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter
2009-06-25 23:36 h UT (#373045-49)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

 

M19 - detail

Image

CCD Image (70% size reduction, cropped)
Image details as above

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M20 - Nebula (Trifid Nebula) 

M20 (Sagittarus)

Image

CCD Image (50% size reduction, cropped)
9 x 20s sec exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter
2009-07-02 23:47 h UT (#374075-83)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

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M21 - Open Cluster

M21 (Sagittarus)

Image

CCD Image (60% size reduction, cropped)
5 x 15s sec exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter
2009-06-25 23:46 h UT (#373052-56)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
[Larger View]

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M22 - Globular Cluster

M22 (Sagittarus)

Image

CCD Image (75% size reduction, cropped)
5 x 20s sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-07-02 23:16 h UT (#374033-37)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

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M23 - Open Cluster

M23 (Sagittarus)

Image

CCD Image  (50% size reduction)
5 x 30s sec exposure, 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-05-29 00:02 h UT (#370026-30)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
Image at 10 deg above SSE horizon
(Larger Image, 70% size )

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M24 - Open Cluster

M24 (Sagittarus)

Image

CCD Image (50% size reduction)
5 x 30s sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-05-51 00:23 h UT (#371139-43)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
[Larger Image 70% size reduction]

M24 - detail

Image

CCD Image (cropped to central area)
7 x 10s sec exposure (average combine), 1x1 binning, C Filter
2009-05-51 00:26 h UT (#371144-50)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

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M25 - Open Cluster

M25 (Sagittarus)

Image

CCD Image (50% size reduction)
5 x 10s sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-07-02 23:24 h UT (#374044-48)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
[Full Size]

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M26 - Open Cluster

M26  (Scutum)
Image

Image

CCD image,  5 x 20 sec exposures 
(top - median combine
bottom - summed combine)
2003-08-05  21:57 to 21:59 h UT (#49049-49053)
Image : 11.4 x 7.6 arc mins 
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M27 - Planetary Nebula (Dumbbell Nebula) 

M27  (Vulpecula) 
Image
CCD Image (50% size)
3 x 60s (average combine), 3x3 binning, C filter, Autoguided
2010-11-10  18:24h UT (#435012-14)
12" LX200R  (at f/9.7) + ST-10XME
 
Image 
CCD Colour Image (LRGB)
Luminance 3x1min (average), Red : 3x1min (average), 
Green 3x1min (average), Blue 3x2min (average)
Processing and combined using CCDSoft. 
Brightened using PaintShop Pro
8" LX200 with operating at f/10.3
2005-05-18  01:34 h UT (#87135-50)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
(See M27 images by individual filter)

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M28 - Globular Cluster

M28 (Sagittarus)

Image

CCD Image (35% size reduction)
5 x 20s sec exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter
2009-07-02 23:34 h UT (#374056-60)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

 

M28 - detail

Image

CCD Image (100% size, cropped)
Image details as above

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M29 - Open Cluster

M29 (Cygnus)
Image
CCD Image Mosaic (75%, cropped)
60 sec exposure, 2x2 binning, C Filter 
2008-10-21 23:01 h UT (#317348-53)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
[ Full size Image ]

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M30 - Globular Cluster

M30 (Capricornus)

Image

CCD Image (50% size reduction)
5 x 30s sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-07-28 00:26 h UT (#378204-08)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

 

M30 - detail

Image

CCD Image (Normal size, cropped to central area
Image details as above

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M31 - Spiral Galaxy (Andromeda Galaxy)

M31 (Andromeda)

Image

CCD Image Mosaic (7x12 frames, 30% size)
3 min exposure, 2x2 binning, C Filter
2006-12-09 20:03 to 22:41h UT  (#161075-124)
2006-12-11 20:30 to 22:34h UT (#162048-81)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
Linear brightness scaling,   (larger image, 50% size)
  

M31 - details

Image

Image

False Colour CCD Image Mosaic 
(5x10 frames, 20% size)
Log brightness scaling
Image details as above

False Colour CCD Image Mosaic 
(5x10 frames, 20% size)
Log brightness scaling
Image details as above

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M32 - Elliptical Galaxy

M32 Galaxy (Andromeda)
M32 (Andromeda) 
Elliptical Galaxy 
almost devoid of features apart from central condensation
Image
CCD Image (Linear Scale, 50% size)
5 x 60 sec (average combine),  3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-09-20 00:23 h UT  (#389351-55)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
  
Image
2002-10-03  00:44 to 00:54h UT
CCD Image, 2 x 5 min exposure (2x2 binning)
Image Size : 11.4 x 7.6 arc min  (#28240-41)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M33 - Spiral Galaxy (Pinwheel Galaxy)

M33  (Triangulum)

Image

CCD Image Mosaic (50% size)
3 min exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter
2006-11-16 22:24 h UT (#152233-45)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
 [ Larger Size, 75% ]

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M34 - Open Cluster

M34 (Perseus)
Image
CCD Image Mosaic (40%)
60 sec exposure, 2x2 binning, C Filter 
2008-10-21 23:30 h UT (#317361-76)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
[ Full size Image ]

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M35 - Open Cluster

Mosaic of M35 (right/centre) & NGC 2158 (lower right)  (Gemini)
Image
Mosaic 5x6 CCD frames,  20 sec exposures taken on
2003-01-04  23:33 to 23:54h UT (#37250-321)
Image : 50 x 39 arc mins
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
[Full Size Image]

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M36 - Open Cluster

M36 (Auriga)
Image
2002-02-16
CCD Image, 3x3 Mosaic, 15 sec exposures (#17043 et al)
Image : 29.3 x 16.8 arc min
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
(Mosaic Construction details)

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M37 - Open Cluster

M37 (Auriga)
Image
Approximate Colour CCD Image 
Luminance : 3 x 20s (C Filter), Red 3x30s (av, R Filter),
Green 2x20s (av, V Filter), Blue 2x60s (av B Filter)
2005-09-30 22:30h UT (#95064-74)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M38 - Open Cluster

M38 (Auriga)
Image
2002-02-16
CCD Image, 5x6 Mosaic, 15 sec exposures (#17060 et al)
Image : 48.3 x 34.3 arc min 
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
(largerfull size)
(Mosaic Construction details)

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M39 - Open Cluster

M39 (Cygnus)  
Image
Central portion of a CCD Image Mosaic (5x3,  15 Frames)
20 sec exposure,  R Filter
2005-10-09 03:16 h UT  (#99084-98 {S98} )
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
(Full Size)

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M40 - Double Star

M40 (Ursa Major) 
Image
CCD Image 
3x2 min (average combine), Clear filter
2005-06-09  23:48 h UT (#89004-06)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M41 - Open Cluster

M41  (Canis Major)
Image
CCD Image Mosaic (cropped, 33% size)
30sec exposure,  3x3 binning, C Filter
2011-02-28 21:28 h UT  (#459135-46)
12" LX200R  (at f/9.7) + ST-10XME

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M42 -  Nebula (Great Nebula in Orion)

M42 (Orion)

Image
Digital Photo (EOS 400D) 
80 sec, f/5.6, ISO 800, 235mm
2007-12-02 04:53 hUT (#2605)
(star artefacts)

 

M42 (Orion)

Image

CCD Image Mosaic (50% size)
120 sec, 2x2 binning, C Filter
2007-12-08 02:38hUT (#240241-52)

 

M42 - detail 

Image

CCD Image Mosaic (50% size)
Log Scale
Image details as above

  
Image
  
Image
CCD Colour Image
Red 3x10s (av), Green 3x10s (av),
Blue 3x20s (av). Luminance 6x10s (av)
2004-02-05  22:20 to 22:27 h UT (#56008-25)
8" LX200 SCT operating at F6.3
Gamma correction 1.70

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M43 -  Nebula

M43 (Orion)
Image
CCD Image, 30s exposure
2003-01-23 23:12h UT (#41219)
Image : 11.4 x 7.6 arc mins
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
  

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M44 - Open Cluster (Beehive Cluster)

M44 (Cancer)
Image
2002-04-08  21:23hUT
CCD Image, 5x30 sec exposure 
1.3 x 2.0 arc deg  (#20021-25)
200mm focal length lens + ST-7e
  
M44  - Image Mosaic
Image
CCD Image Mosaic (20% size)
15 sec exposure,  3x3 binning, C Filter
2011-02-28 21:53 h UT  (#459151-78)
12" LX200R  (at f/9.7) + ST-10XME
Larger Image (50% size)

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M45 - Open Cluster (Pleiades)

M45  (Taurus)
Image
Mosaic 8x9 CCD frames,  10 sec exposures taken on
2003-01-04  21:10 to 21:48h UT (#37250-321)
Image ; 76 x 55 arc mins (1.25 x 0.92 arc deg)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
 
Image
Photo 
Scanned from colour photo print. Image enhanced in Paint Shop Pro 5
300mm, f/5.6, Fujicolor 200, 7min 30 sec exposure
1999-12-06
Pentax ME Camera (mounted above LX200 Telescope)
Paragon 75-300mm Tele Zoom, operating at 300mm, f/5.6

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M46 - Open Cluster 

M46 (Puppis)

Image
CCD Image Mosaic (75% size /  cropped)
30s exposure, 2x2 binning, C Filter, Linear Scale
2007-12-06 02:27 hUT (#239206-17)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
[ Full Size
 

M46 - detail of cluster centre, showing planetary nebula NGC 2438

Image
CCD Image 
3 x 60s exposure (average combine), 
2x2 binning, C Filter, Linear Scale
2007-12-06 02:04 hUT (#239197-99)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M47 - Open Cluster 

M47 (Puppis)

Image
CCD Image Mosaic (60% size)
30s exposure, 2x2 binning, C Filter, Linear Scale
2007-12-06 02:32 hUT (#239218-29)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
[ Full Size

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M48 - Open Cluster

M48 (Hydra) 

Image
CCD Image Mosaic (40% size)
60s exposure, 2x2 binning, C Filter 
2006-12-26 00:44 hUT (#170388-407)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
[Larger image 75% size]

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M49 - Elliptical Galaxy

M49  (Virgo) 
M49  catalog mag +9.1. 
Other galaxies (catalog mags) VCC1199 (+15.5), 
NGC4465 (+16.5), NGC4467 (+14.3), VCC1203 (+15.7) 
Image 
CCD  Image, 5 x 60 sec exposure (median combine)
2004-03-29  01:20 h UT (#64183-87)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M50 - Open Cluster

M50 (Monoceros) 

Image
CCD Image Mosaic (50% size, cropped)
60s exposure, 2x2 binning, C Filter 
2006-12-26 01:03 hUT (#170408-19)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
[Larger image 75% size]

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M51 - Spiral Galaxy (Whirlpool Galaxy)

M51 (Canes Venatici)
Image
  CCD Image (Linear Scale)
5  x 180s exposure (av. combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter
2008-02-27 23:59 UT (#270263-69)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
 
M51 - detail
Image
CCD Image (Log Scale)
Unsharp Masked
Image details as above

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M52 - Open Cluster

M52 (Cassiopeia) 
Image
CCD Image Mosaic (2x2 frames)
20 sec exposure, R filter
2005-09-02  22:07 h UT (#93029-32)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M53 - Globular Cluster

M53 (Coma Berenices)
Image
 CCD Image, square root brightness scaling
2 x 60 sec exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter 
2006-12-02 06:23h UT (#156075,77)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M56 - Globular Cluster

M56 (Lyra)
Image
CCD  Image 
60s exposure, C filter
2005-10-02 21:35h UT (#96080)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M57 - Planetary Nebula (Ring Nebula) 

M57 (Lyra)
Image 
CCD Colour Composite
Luminance (C med 3x30s), Blue 220% (B av 3 x 60s), Green (V av 2x60s), Red (R av2x60s)
2004-09-18 23:16 hUT (# 72004-16)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
 
Composite high detail + colour image of M57
(constructed from images taken 13 months apart)
Image 
CCD Colour Composite
Luminance Image taken on 2003-08-03 from southern England (#47146-55)
 (C sum 10x30s, f/10, 1x1 binning, unsharp masked) 
combined with
Colour Images taken on 2004-09-18 from NE Scotland  (# 72004-16)
Blue 260% (B av 3 x 60s, f/7, 2x2 binning), 
Green (V av 2x60s, f/7, 2x2 binning), 
Red (R av2x60s, f/7, 2x2 binning) 
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
[ Full Size | Original Luminance Image ]

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M58 - Spiral Galaxy

M58 (Virgo)
Image
 CCD Image
3 x 180 sec exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter, 
linear brightness scaling 
2007-05-19 23:43h UT (#198299-301)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M59 - Elliptical Galaxy

M59 (Virgo)
Image 
CCD  Image, 5 x 60 sec exposure (summed)
Mid range brightened
2004-03-28  23:47 h UT (#64138-42)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M60 - Elliptical Galaxy

M60 (Virgo)
Image 
CCD  Image, 5 x 60 sec exposure (average combine)
2004-03-28  23:39 h UT (#64131-35)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M61 - Spiral Galaxy

M61 (Virgo)

Image

CCD Image - Linear scaling
5 x 120s sec exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter
2008-11-30 05:30 h UT (#328664-68)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M63 - Spiral Galaxy (Sunflower Galaxy)

M63 (Canes Venatici)

Image
False Colour CCD Image
5 x 2 min exposure (summed combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter 
Log brightness scaling
2006-04-28 00:44 h UT (#118215-19)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
 
Image
CCD Image,  4 x 1 min exposure 
2004-03-22  00:06 to 00:12 h UT (#63158-62)
Mid range Brightened
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M64 - Spiral Galaxy (Black-eye Galaxy)

M64 (Coma Berenices)
Image 
CCD  Image, 5 x 60 sec exposure (summed)
2004-03-29  01:20 h UT (#64225-29)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M65 - Spiral Galaxy

M65 (Leo)
Image
CCD Image (100% size, cropped & rotated)
Square root scaling
 3 x 120sec exposure (average combine),  3x3 binning, C Filter
2013-03-11 23:07 h UT  (#541358-60)
12" LX200R  (at f/9.7) + ST-10XME
  
M65 - wider view
Image 
CCD Image (50% size)
3 x 120sec exposure (average combine),  3x3 binning, C Filter
2011-02-26 23:55 h UT  (#458210-13)
12" LX200R  (at f/9.7) + ST-10XME

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M66 - Spiral Galaxy

M66 (Leo)
Image
CCD Image (Linear Scaling, 80% size, cropped)
6 x 90 sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter 
2009-02-18 22:17 h UT  (#538207-15)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.6) + ST-10XME

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M67 - Open Cluster

M67 (Cancer)
Image 
Colour CCD Image,  
Red 20s, Green 20s, Blue 30s
2004-02-19, 22:42 to 22:44 h UT (#58208-10)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M68 - Globular Cluster

M68 (Hydra)
Declination -26d 44m / Altitude +5d 44m

Image

CCD Image (cropped to central area)
5 x 30s sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-05-11 21:54 h UT (#368017-21)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

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M71 - Globular Cluster

M71 (Sagitta)
Image
CCD Image, 
3 x 60 sec exposure (average combine), 
2x2 binning C, Filter, Linear Scale
2007-08-23  00:03 h UT (#206167-69)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M72 - Globular Cluster

M72 (Aquarius) 
Image
CCD Image 
3 x 60 sec exposure (average), clear filter
2005-08-14  22:21 h UT (#92105-07)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M73 - Open Cluster

M73 (Aquarius) 
Image
CCD Image 
5 x 20 sec exposure (average), clear filter
2005-08-14  22:40 h UT (#92120-24)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M74 - Spiral Galaxy

M74 (Pisces) 
Image
CCD Image (Linear Scale, 50% size)
7 x 60 sec (average median combine),  3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-09-20 01:59 h UT  (#389434-40)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
 
M74 - detail
Image
CCD Image (Square Root Scale, cropped)
Image details as above

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M75 - Globular Cluster

M75 (Sagittarus)

Image

CCD Image (66% size reduction, square root scaling, cropped)
10 x 20s sec exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter
2009-07-02 23:39 h UT (#374063-72)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

 

M75 - detail

Image

CCD Image (100% size, log scale scaling, cropped)
Image details as above

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M76 - Planetary Nebula (Little Dumbbell)

M76 (Perseus)
Image
CCD Image (log scale, cropped) 
10 x 1 min (average combine),  2x2 binning, C Filter
2009-09-26 02:23 h UT  (#390286-95)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
 
M76 - normal view 
Image
CCD Image (linear scale, cropped) 
Image details as above

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M77 - Spiral Galaxy

M77  (Cetus) 
Image
CCD Image (Linear Scale, 50% size)
10 x 60 sec (average combine),  3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-09-20 02:10 h UT  (#389443-52)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
 
M77 - face on spiral galaxy
with diffuse outer arms
Image
CCD Image (Square root scaling, cropped)
Image details as above

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M78 - Bright Nebula

M78 (Orion)
Image
CCD Image (75% size,. cropped)
4 x 45sec exposure (average combine),  3x3 binning, C Filter
2011-02-25 21:16 h UT  (#457171-74)
12" LX200R  (at f/9.7) + ST-10XME

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M79 - Globular Cluster

M79 (Lepus)
Dec -24d 31m taken at altitude 7 deg (airmass 7.6)

Image
CCD Image (linear scale, 50% size scaling)
7 x 15 sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, R Filter 
2009-11-09 01:20 h UT  (#397790-96)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

 

M79 - detail

Image
CCD Image (logscale, cropped)
Image details as above

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M80 - Globular Cluster

M80 (Scorpius)

Image
CCD Image (logscale, 50% size scaling)
5 x 30 sec exposure (median combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter 
2009-04-22 00:57 h UT  (#364264-68)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

 

M80 - detail

Image
CCD Image (logscale, cropped)
Image details as above

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M81 - Spiral Galaxy (Bode's Nebula)

M81  (Ursa Major) 
 Image
CCD Image (linear scale, 50% size)
90 sec exposure (single frame), 3x3 binning, C Filter 
2009-03-10 01:29 h UT  (#356259)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.8) + ST-10XME
 
 Image
CCD Image (square root scale, 50% size)
Image details as left

 

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M82 - Spiral Galaxy

M82 (Ursa Major) 
Image
CCD Image (Square root scaling, 55% size)
9 x 20s (median combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-03-10 01:40 h UT  (#356266-74)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.8) + ST-10XME
[full size image]
Image
CCD Image (Square root scaling, cropped)
Image details as above

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M83 - Spiral Galaxy

M83  (Hydra)
Declination -29d 52m / Altitude +2d 53m
Image 
CCD Image
(Linear Scale, 50% size reduction) 
120 sec exposure (single frame), 3x3 binning, C Filter 
2009-05-11 22:13h UT  (#368036)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
  
M83 - detail
 Image
CCD Image
(Background gradient corrected, smoothed, 
cropped to central area)
Image details as above

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M84 - Elliptical Galaxy

M84 (Virgo)
Image 
CCD  Image, 5 x 60 sec exposure (summed)
2004-03-29  00:29 h UT (#64177-81)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M85 - Elliptical Galaxy

M85 (Coma Berenices) 
Also two spiral galaxies NGC 4394 (extreme left) 
&  IC 3292 (extreme right)
Image
CCD Image
3 x 2 min (average combine),  C Filter
2004-12-11 06:47 h UT (#79055-57)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M86 - Elliptical Galaxy

M86 (Virgo)
Image 
CCD  Image, 5 x 60 sec exposure (summed)
2004-03-29  00:23 h UT (#64171-74)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M87 - Elliptical Galaxy

M87 (Virgo)
Image 
Annotated CCD  Image
3 x 180 sec exposure (summed), 2x2 binnimg, C Filter
2008-03-10  00:16 h UT (#275087-99)
M87 Jet - detail
Image
CCD  Image
Linear scaling
(Image details as above
(Insert at x2.5 size scaling)
 
M87 (Virgo)
(with NGC 4478 lower right)
Image 
CCD  Image, 5 x 60 sec exposure (summed)
2004-03-29  00:14 h UT (#64163-67)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M88 - Spiral Galaxy

M88 (Virgo)
Image 
CCD  Image, 10 x 60 sec exposure (summed)
2004-03-29  00:54 h UT (#64201-05 & 64213-17)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M89 - Elliptical Galaxy

M89 (Virgo)
Image 
CCD  Image, 5 x 60 sec exposure (summed)
2004-03-29  00:07 h UT (#64157-61)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M90 - Spiral Galaxy

M90 (Virgo)
Image
 CCD Image
3 x 180 sec exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter, 
linear brightness scaling 
2007-05-20 00:05h UT (#198310-15)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M91 - Spiral Galaxy

M91 (Coma Berenices)
Image 
CCD  Image
3 x 180 sec exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter
2008-02-16 00:22 h UT (#264124-28)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M92 - Globular Cluster

M92 (Hercules)
Image
CCD Image, Log Scale
30s, 2x2 binning, C Filter
2006-08-26  23:05 h UT (#135121)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
 
M92 (Hercules)
Image
CCD Colour Image (LRGB)
Luminance 3x20s (average), Blue 3x30s (average) with  x1.15 weighting
Green 3x20s (average), Red 3x20s (average)
2005-06-06  23:38 h UT (#88023-34)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M93 - Open Cluster

M93 (Puppis)

Image

CCD Image (53% size reduction)
3 x 20s sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-03-21 21:25 h UT (#358023-25)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

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M94 - Spiral Galaxy

M94 (Canes Venatici)
Image
CCD Image 
3 x 180s, 2x2 binning, C Filter
Square Root brightness scaling
2007-04-27 21:59 hUT (#192103-05)
 
Image
CCD Image
4 x 60s exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter
Log Scale 
2006-05-25 00:57 hUT (#127128-32)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M95 - Spiral Galaxy

M95 (Leo)
Image 
CCD Image (50% size, linear scale)
8 x 90s sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2011-01-30 00:54 h UT (#451353-59)
12" LX200R  (at f/9.7) + ST-10XME
 
M95 - detail
Image 
CCD Image (75% size, cropped, linear scale)
Image details

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M96 - Spiral Galaxy

M96 (Leo) 
Image
CCD Image (75% size, cropped, linear scale)
8 x 90s sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2011-01-30 01:05 h UT (#451361-63)
12" LX200R  (at f/9.7) + ST-10XME

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M97 - Planetary Nebula (Owl Nebula)

M97 (Ursa Major)  
Image
CCD Image (cropped)
5 x 90 sec exposure (average frame), 3x3 binning, C Filter 
2009-04-22 01:05 h UT  (#364272-75)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.8) + ST-10XME
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M98 - Spiral Galaxy

M98  (Coma Berenices) 

Image 

CCD Image 
7 x 180s exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C filter,  
2007-03-13  00:25h UT (#182297-303)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M99 - Spiral Galaxy (Pinwheel Nebula)

M99 (Coma Berenices)
Image 
CCD Image (linear scale, cropped)
4 x 1 min exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-11-27 06:02 h UT  (#400217-21)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

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M100 - Spiral Galaxy

M100 (Coma Berenices)
 Image
CCD Image
5 x 2 min exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C Filter 
2006-04-27 22:22h UT (#118081-86)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M101 - Spiral Galaxy 

M101 (Ursa Major)  
Image
CCD Image (75% size, cropped) 
9 x 60 sec (average combine),  3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-08-24 22:00 h UT  (#386001-10)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME
[uncropped]

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M103 - Open Cluster

M103 (Cassiopeia)  
Image
Central portion of CCD Image Mosaic (3x3 frames)
20 sec exposure, C filter
2005-09-02  22:32 h UT (#93039-49)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e
(Full Size)

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M104 - Spiral Galaxy (Sombrero Galaxy)

M104 (Virgo) 
Image
CCD Image
3 x 2 min (average combine),  C Filter
2004-12-11 06:11 h UT (#79023-25)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M105 - Elliptical Galaxy

M105 (Leo)
Image 
CCD  Image, 5 x 60 sec exposure (summed)
2004-03-28  23:13 h UT (#64107-11)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M106 - Spiral Galaxy

M106 (Canes Venatici)

Image 
 CCD Image (50% size)
8 x 90s sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter
2011-01-29 21:33 h UT (#451138-46)
12" LX200R  (at f/9.7) + ST-10XME

 

M106 - extended view of arms

Image

  CCD Image (50% size, log scale)
Image details
[Full Size image (log scale)]

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M107 - Globular Cluster

M107 (Ophiuchus) 

Image 

CCD Image 
5 x 60s exposure (average combine), 2x2 binning, C filter,  
2007-04-05  03:39 h UT (#189333-37)
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M108 -  Spiral Galaxy

M108 (Ursa Major)
Image
CCD Image, 5 x 30 sec exposure (average combine)
2003-12-08  00:34 to 00:40h UT (#55260-69)
Blur (noise suppression)
Image : 11.6 x 7.8 arc sec  
8" LX200 classic + ST-7e

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M109 - Spiral Galaxy

M109 (Ursa Major)

Image
Annotated CCD Image 
(50% size reduction) 
3 x 120 sec exposure (average combine), 3x3 binning, C Filter 
2009-05-11 22:35h UT  (#368056-58)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

  

M109 - detail

Image
CCD Image (square root scaling)
Image details as above

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M110 - Elliptical Galaxy

M110 Galaxy (Andromeda)
M110 (Andromeda) 
Elliptical Galaxy 
Irregular dark dust clouds noted near nucleus
Image
CCD Image (Linear Scale, Cropped)
5 x 60 sec (average combine),  3x3 binning, C Filter
2009-09-20 00:14 h UT  (#389343-47)
12" LX200R  (at f/5.7) + ST-10XME

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